Monday, April 13, 2015

Corina's Book of Questions About My Life

 of questions about my life

by Evetta Sue Averett
Corina gave me this little book for Christmas 2014 with all the questions in it, so this will be fun to work on.  I have decided to post it on my blog, Let's Have a Conversation, for my posterity, if any of them are interested.  It is written to give back to Corina when I am finished.  Since it is for my family, I will list my two sons and two daughters and grandchildren (underlined) and great-grandchildren right here so you can get to know them starting with my oldest son:

Andy, wife Debi - children - Carlos, Ileana, husband Nolan Morris, children Halle and Wendell, Laura, husband Aeryc, Marcia, currently a missionary in Argentina due home the end of June, and Alan

Annett, husband Jim Loveridge - children, Addie, husband Kyle Jackson, children Gabriel, Tatem, and Alex, currently a Service Missionary at Utah Valley University

Jay, wife Tammy, children - Jaylynn, husband Ryan Clark, children Trace, and Macie (due in May, 2015),  Charlie and Samantha

Julie, husband Mike Cox - Corina, husband Jordan Sorensen, children Reagan and (baby girl due in May, 2015),  Logan and Dylan

I will post the questions and answers as they come up in Corina's little book.

Question: Where were you born and when?

Oh good, it starts at the beginning. As they say, I was born on September 8, 1938 at 615 Flint Street in Laramie, Wyoming.  Dad worked on the Union Pacific Railroad (which he did until the last day of 1969) and Mother was a housewife.  They say I was born at home where two large chairs were pushed together for mother to lay on.  Someone came in to help with the birth (a midwife-type, I'm sure) with the doctor stopping by the house a bit later.  I was only 22 months younger than my brother, Franklin, so, I guess, it was an easier birth.  We children were spaced out over a period of 10 years at that time with Joyce born in 1928, Velna in 1933, Frank in 1936 and me in 1938.  Beth came almost 10 years later in 1947 when mother was almost 45 years old.  We lived in that house until I was in the 8th grade, I think it was 1952.  I would have loved to see it again as so many memories were made there, but it never happened.  I did try once while I was in Laramie for a high school reunion, but no one was home.

Question: What is your full name and why were you named it?
Evetta Sue Black Averett -  My parents named me Evetta--a name I never liked [hated] because it was so different. Eve after Eva Amanda Gribble and Etta after Eliza Rosetta King (called Ettie), my two grandmothers. I guess I wanted to fit in with the Barbara's, Jane's, JoAnne's etc.  I remember being called E for elephant when I was about ten. So, at 16 years old I had had enough.  A girl named Sue moved to Laramie from Texas who had a small Volkswagen bug and I thought she was neat.  That's when I started changing my name to Sue.  Many years later I wished I had just shortened it to Eve, which I like, but it didn't occur to me then.  Anyway, I added Sue as my middle name.  When I married Averett, that made it even harder (think Evetta Averett). I have always been glad I did change to Sue especially when I have to give a name for something in public.  Velna still suffers with her name and Beth always says Mary when asked for a name to identify herself.  Sue is so easy and common.  There are three Sue's in our ward, so finally I fit right in.

Question:  Describe the first Christmas that you can remember
I don't really remember any "first" Christmas.  The Christmas's I remember over the years are mostly from the pictures Dad took on Christmas day.  Our celebrations were pretty low key.  It always started with the Montgomery Ward catalog.  I remember pouring through it and marking the pages of the things I liked.  We also visited toyland downtown in the Ward's building in the basement.  Each year when I was a little girl, I got a new Effenbee doll.  I know I got a doll buggy one year with blankets.  The Santa present I remember most is the doll house.  I have written about it in My Life So Far.  I loved that doll house and have always looked for one like it just in case I might want to buy it.  It disappeared in our move from Flint Street to the Sully house.  I was an adolescent by then and didn't need toys any more.  Mother bought all the gifts--I don't remember Dad participating very much.  We always had real stockings filled with the same candy, chocolates and hard candy with soft centers.  We didn't usually have a Christmas dinner as such.  I know I ate candy all day which is pretty much what I do now.  Looking back, Christmas was all about family and playing inside and out with our new toys.  Sometimes Dad worked on Christmas, we never knew if he would be there or not, but Mother, Joyce, Velna and Frank were always there.  The big Christmas's came when our kids were little, but that's another story.

Question: Describe your religious beliefs
The Church has always been a part of my life.  When I was little, we went to Sunday School in the morning and Sacrament Meeting in the evening.  I remember being the Sunday School Secretary when I was twelve or thirteen.  I always liked the music the best and sang in the choir in Laramie when I was in Junior High and High School.  I liked the testimony meetings too because the (University of Wyoming) college students always bore the most inspiring testimonies.  I remember wondering why our Church was the only "true" church. It has been in my mature years that I have really studied the scriptures.  In 2012 I read the entire Book of Mormon three times.  I have summarized The Pearl of Great Price, the first half of the Old Testament, the sixty-six chapters of Isaiah and The Last Twelve Prophets of the Old Testament. My most ambitious project was summarizing the Four Gospels of the New Testament and the Book of Revelation. I believe in Christ and am trying to know Him and follow Him the best I can.  I have heard the "still, small voice" many times and have been blessed beyond words.  My greatest wish is that all my children and grandchildren will live worthy in this life to be together as a family forever when we leave this mortal existence. And that someday we may receive exaltation and be reunited with our Savior and Father in Heaven. I believe it will happen.  It may take time, but we will have eternity to work on it.

Question: What was the first car you learned to drive?
In Wyoming the age for a driver's license was 15.  So, when I turned 15, I got in Dad's old, black '37 Plymouth coupe and learned to drive. (Dad drove this car to work on the railroad.)  It had a beige horsehair interior and a stick shift on the floor.  I don't remember anyone teaching me to drive, I just got in and drove.  I know one time at the Big Buy Drive-In I locked bumpers with the car ahead. We just got out and pulled the cars apart.  I was not a very good driver yet. The other car we had was  a '47 gray two-tone Chevrolet. It was a stick shift too but was not on the floor.  Well, Dad decided to buy a newer, used Ford with one of the first automatic shifts made.  It was a terrible car—absolutely gutless.  I almost never got to drive that car and seldom got to drive any car. Two of my friends always had a car for us to ride in.  I do remember driving the Plymouth to the Wyo Theater where I was working on March 10, 1956 when Wally came to the movie and rode with me to the Big Buy for a treat after work.  Lynn and Janet took his '53 Olds and we met them there.  I have been driving ever since in many nice cars.  I think my favorite will always be my PT Cruiser.  It's 14 years old this July and is still going strong.  Thank you, thank you, thank you Lord.

Question: Have you ever had surgery?
Surgery.  I believe I hold the record for surgeries.  My first big surgery was in 1972 when I fell off the top of a ladder in Casper and wrecked my knee.  The doctor had shaking hands and put a staple into the bone to attach the cartilage.  It's still there somewhere. That ruined my knee and changed my physical life.  While living in Orem in our new house off of Palisade Drive, I had a hysterectomy.  I was 42 years old.  Annett says that changed my life and I say it changed my personality. No more hormonal ups and downs. In 1984 I had a stomach staple at the University Hospital in Denver that ruined my stomach.   It was experimental and didn't work.  Then in 2003, when I qualified for Medicare, and after needing it for 10 years, I had my first knee replacement on my right (injured) knee.  That was soon followed in 2004 by a replacement on my over-used left knee.  In 2006, I had a stomach repair and gastric bypass in Denver, which also didn't work (the story of my life).  And finally, in 2013 I had a hip replacement which has been fine.  Dr. Robert Jackson did both my left knee and my hip replacement in the Provo Hospital.  I liked him but his follow-up care is non existent.  That makes it harder to recover.
[See also "Have you ever been hospitalized?"]

Question: Has anyone ever saved your life?
Technically, no.  I did have a traumatic experience when I had my first knee replacement at the hospital in Sandy, UT. In September, 2003,  as soon as I turned 65, I made an appointment with Dr. Rosenberg, a famous orthopedic doctor in Park City.  I had to wait for three months for the appointment and another six weeks for the surgery.  It was the third week of December (I don't remember the exact day) which means it was almost Christmas when I finally had the surgery.  Everything went fine except for the negligence at the hospital due to Christmas vacations and celebrations.  Dr. Rosenberg left the country right after my surgery with one of his minions in charge. No one ever checked my blood or anything else before I was discharged three days later.  That evening at home I fainted on the floor and vomited blood.  Annett called the ambulance, I was in and out of consciousness, and we went back to the hospital in Sandy.  When I got to the emergency room, the male nurse got my records from upstairs and told me I needed blood immediately or I would die.  I was hesitant because I had not anticipated needing blood and didn't have my own blood stored.  He was adamant and I immediately agreed.  I had three or four pints of blood over the next two days.  If anyone had checked before I was released that morning they would have known I was bleeding internally from an ulcer.  They cauterized it while I was there and I haven't had any problems since. 

Question: Have you ever been in a serious accident?
No.  But, I was in a car accident just out of Lander, WY on our way to Lovell in the spring of 1956 with Wally driving his parent's new Olds 98. It was snowing and someone from the south, who hadn't been in snow before, slid into our vehicle and we went flying off the road half way through the field on our side of the road.  Two college girls from Cowley, Mary Partridge and Eloise Givenrod were with us along with Orin Muller. The car was slightly damaged but we had to stay the night in Lander to get everything taken care of. 

The only other bad accident I can claim is falling from the top of the ladder which I wrote about in the question about my surgeries.  I thought I was invincible, like lots of kids do today, and did a stupid thing that affected me for the rest of my life.  Moral: don't do stupid things.  Think first.

Question:  Have you ever been hospitalized?
I have already written about my surgeries, all while being hospitalized.  The only other hospital incidents I can remember was when I had my tonsils out at about eight years old, and the plastic surgery on my nose when I was thirteen.  Neither were run of the mill. I was given ether for the tonsillectomy  and was never really anesthetized enough to be out.  I was scared and screamed so loud that it broke a blood vessel  in my neck.  I broke my nose when I was a baby by falling out of my high chair (I was told).  Anyway, my nose was always misshaped.  When I was thirteen, Mother took me to Cheyenne to see a plastic surgeon. (Dad was in Cleveland, OH attending the B of LE, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers convention). I was in the hospital in Cheyenne longer than planned because the first attempt was not successful. After a few days, the doctor tried again and I went home with bandages on my nose.  I have been sad that my nose is still not like it could have been if we had had a better surgeon.  I always wanted to have it fixed, but never did.
Question:  Have you ever been the victim of a crime?
Yes,  I have had my purse stolen twice.  Once in Dallas and once in Draper.  In Dallas I was with my friend, Jill Pehrson, shopping at Sam's Club.  We were loading our groceries in my car in the parking lot when I put my purse on the ground next to my car. A car pulled up in back of us, a black woman got out and leisurely picked up my purse.  I was standing right there.  She calmly got in their car while I was pounding on it, and the driver drove away on to the highway next to the store.  Police came but it was unsolved.  The main things I lost were my Mount Blanc pen Wally gave me and my prescription glasses (total value about $600). I think I had about three dollars cash.  Fortunately, the car keys were in my pocket. The second time I was in Deseret Industries in Draper when a man approached my basket, put something in front of me over the purse and took it with his other hand.  I knew immediately what had happened and alerted the store but they didn't care.  They just didn't want me to make a fuss.  Unfortunately I had a $100 dollar bill in my purse that Wally gave me from the sale of his table saw.  This was definitely a professional hit.  Now I carry my purse across my body.  

Question:  Who was your first crush?
I don't know if I actually had a first crush.  I have written about being boy crazy in My Life Story, So Far.  I was not popular in high school and never had a steady boyfriend until Wally.  I believe I am lucky to have found such a wonderful husband, father, friend, person when I was eighteen years old.  I don't regret all the angst of dating different boys along with many crushes and heartaches.  Annett and Julie both had various boyfriends, angst, and heartaches before they married.  They both had boyfriends they "went with" when they were younger, but made their choice of a good man when it was for eternity.  Everyone has different experiences with the opposite sex when they are young.  Some are positive, some are not.  All I know, looking back, is that you are blessed if you find your soul-mate, the one who will nourish and support you no matter what, when you are young.  Those are hard to find. 

Question: Do you remember your first date?
Yes, I remember my first date.  It was before the Church came out with no dating before sixteen.  I believe it was the summer before I turned fourteen.  L J Willis, from Cowley (his dad owned the drug store there), came to summer school at the University of Wyoming.  He was only sixteen but was graduating from high school one year early so he could start college in the fall.  I don't remember why, but that summer I enrolled in summer school at the university also.  I took a history class and swimming.   I soon discovered that we had the swimming class together.  We were both retarded about the opposite sex, so it was really about friendship and my familiarity with Cowley. I had visited my cousin Travene there before they moved to Billings, and of course, my Grandma Lythgoe who was a pioneer of Cowley.  Anyway, he asked me for a date to the movies.  I was scared that mother wouldn't let me go, but she did.  He walked to our house on Flint Street and we walked to the movie.  He held my hand in the movie and we walked home. That was it.  I went to a Lamba Delta Sigma dance with him in the fall, but it was uncomfortable.  He was a college man and I was barely in high school.  The next year he transferred to Logan and finished college there.  I never saw him again but sometimes I think about him and wonder how he is.

Question: What was your first paying job?
Oh my goodness.  It seemed like I always worked when I was young.  Frank and I had  paper routes in grade school and junior high.  I wish I had a better memory of time, but one summer I baby sat for a church couple (R. Gardner) who had two kids (later divorced).  I was a terrible baby sitter.  One summer Mother's friend, Rose Eads, got me a job cleaning house for someone she knew in Laramie.  I rode my bicycle to the lady's house over by Washington Park, (not a short ride).  That didn't last long, thank heavens.  I was terrible at that too.  I worked a day or so at the Campus Shop in Laramie as a waitress which was miserable.  I also cleaned rooms at the Branding Iron Motel one summer for Neff and Beth Tippetts. The summer after I finished my junior year in high school, I started working at the County Clerk's Office for Minnie Pearson at the Albany County courthouse in Laramie (thanks to Edna Moyle).  I kept that job until I left to attend BYU the fall of 1956.  Two summers were full time and the rest was part time.  I learned a lot there and actually helped issue a marriage license to my friend Deanna Howe and Billy Despain (later divorced).  One of my classmates, Edith Waters, worked with me the summer of 1956.  I remember my full-time salary was $225/month but it was enough to save $500 for school that fall.  That whole year I was a senior I also worked at the WYO Theater at night with my friend Janet Henberg for 50¢ an hour and all the candy I could eat.  That's where I met Wally.  

Question: Name a good friend that you have known for the longest period of time.
This is funny.  I have an email relationship with my friend since junior high, Gloria Aegerter Rumbold.  We were friends all through junior and senior high school.  She used to live in Castle Rock and I saw her there a few times.  She has since moved to Pueblo and I haven't been to Castle Rock in a long time so we stay friends by email. She sends me lots of funny, interesting, pictures and other mainly political stuff.  I love getting it.  Gloria was raised Catholic and I went with her to Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve when I was in high school.  I don't think she is active in her church, but she knows I am active in mine.  I knew her mother and dad, as well as her brother and sister a little bit.  So that is an important connection to the history of our friendship.  She has been happily married for many years to her husband and her children are a big part of her life.  Another long standing friend is Lana Wieberg Ennis.    We have been friends for more than thirty years starting in Littleton, CO in 1982.  She has her trials, but she is a good person at heart.  The best friend I will ever have is Jill Pehrson.  I met her in Dallas.  We had more in common than any other person I have ever met.  She is a true soul-mate.  Unfortunately, I knew when I moved back to Utah that we would not maintain the friendship.  She had lost several other friends this way and I knew that would happen to us too.  She still lives in Dallas.

Question: Did you make enough money to live comfortably?
We had our trials.  Money was always an issue in our marriage.  The one thing your Grandpa couldn't give me was security.  I learned to adapt to whatever condition we were in financially.  Wally was a scrapper and always came up with the funds we needed.  He was also generous to others.  If he had money, everyone had money.  Of course, the first two years of army life was hard. I worked and saved up enough money to get us through on army pay after Andy was born.  Then, Wally worked for Mule Creek Oil Company for eight years.  He started at $500/mo and ended up at $800/mo.  Needless to say, we were not getting ahead.  Through the years I remember the time when I went to the grocery store and was able to get almost anything I wanted.  That was nice.  Now, I try to live frugally with my Social Security.  I have enough to live comfortably thanks to this house and Annett and Jim.  I have been happy here.

Question: As a child, what did you want to be when you grew up?
As a child I didn't have any thoughts or ambitions for anything when I grew up.  School was easy for me, except for math, and I more or less coasted through.  I don't remember anyone encouraging me in any way to excel or work toward any goal.  I had a good voice but didn't consider myself naturally talented and I didn't want to work for mastery.  In high school, I thought I wanted to study music but that was mostly because I didn't have anything else.  Over my lifetime I did take music classes both at NWCC in Powell and at Casper Community College.  And I took both piano and organ lessons in Casper and voice lessons in Laramie from Mrs. Fern Jay and in Lovell from Lola Bowman.  I can still sing the words correctly and hit the high  notes, but my breath control is gone.  When I went back to college, I found my love of English and ended up with a double major in Business Communications and English.  It was a tough course as I had to take all the journalism classes, and the business core classes, as well as the literature, writing, and English classes. Finally I was motivated for success and graduated summa cum laude  in a class of 1700.  Once I grew up, everything in my life I did, I tried to do it to the best of my ability.  Sometimes that is a hard row, but I can't do it any other way.

Question: What was your first job?  What other kinds of jobs have you had?
I have already written about my jobs as a child.  My courthouse job was probably my first real working job. I also mentioned before about working in Virginia while Wally was in the army.  I cashiered for a men's store in Newport News for three months.  That was pretty much a nightmare as all the men were Jewish and thought they were studs (I was a young Mormon girl from Wyoming, what did I know?) Don't get me wrong, I love and admire the Jewish people, but this was a culture that was foreign to me.  My next job in Virginia was for the government, first in the laundry as a clerk and finally for the Corps of Engineers.  I worked on base at Ft. Eustis until Andy was born.  In Casper I managed our Turquoise Unlimited store and also did sales part of the week.  That was a huge responsibility.  I worked briefly for a real estate company in Littleton in 1987 but quit to return to school.  After college with no job offers, Wally and I remodeled two houses (besides our townhouse which we remodeled in 1983) and I helped my friend Leslie with her new house. Decorating has always been my passion.  In another life I would have gone to Design School and been a professional interior designer.  As it was, we just kept moving, remodeling, and building houses.  We remodeled one in Houston and built three in Dallas but only moved in to one of them.  But, that is another story.

Question: Do you remember someone saying something to you that had a big impact on how you lived your life?
 I remember Grace Waters in Laramie, when I was in Mutual, teaching us that we should always treat those of our family with the most kindness and courtesy—better than anyone else.  I often wondered how that worked in their family.  That was new to me as my dad was always two people—busy and sometimes grumpy at home and pleasant and friendly at church.  However, when I married Wally I found out it was true as he was always positive and loving at home.  Dad Volney said other hurtful things that have stayed with me through the years.  I understand that his childhood was a life of poverty and hardship without a father for the most part.  Even this week (2/25/2015) I thought about what he said to me when Wally and I got married.  It was so hurtful and uncaring. One should never say ugly things to their children.  Be like Annett is with Addie, no matter the circumstance, just be loving  and helpful.  Words do hurt, but we get over it and move on, sometimes with difficulty. We must learn to be emotionally healthy and live like our Savior would have us live every day.  That can bring a peaceful acceptance and forgiveness to our lives.

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Visiting Teaching Message for January 2015

I will obey the words of the prophets

The Attributes of Jesus Christ: Obedient Son
Following Jesus Christ’s example of obedience increases our faith in Him.

1.  “Is it any wonder,” said Elder Jeffrey R. Holland of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, “that Christ chooses first and foremost to define himself in relation to his father—that he loved him and obeyed him and submitted to him like the loyal son he was? ….”
 2 Nephi 31:7 … [Jesus Christ] showeth unto the children of men that, according to the flesh he humbleth himself before the Father, and witnesseth unto the Father that he would be obedient unto him in keeping his commandments.
 John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
John 8:29  And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.
Matthew 26:39 And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

2.  "Obedience is the first law of heaven." (Jeffrey R. Holland, “The Will of the Father in All Things” (Brigham Young University devotional, Jan. 17, 1989), 4,
D&C 120:20-21 "There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven before the foundations of this world, upon which all blessings are predicated—21 And when we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated."
3.  “As we walk in obedience to the principles and commandments of the gospel of Jesus Christ, we enjoy a continual flow of blessings promised by God in His covenant with us. … Obedience gives us greater control over our lives, greater capacity to come and go, to work and create.” (D. Todd Christofferson, “The Power of Covenants,” Liahona, May 2009, 21.)
D& C 82:10  "I, the Lord, am bound when ye do what I say; but when ye do not what I say, ye have no promise."
D&C 93:28  "He that keepeth his commandments receiveth truth and light, until he is glorified in truth and knoweth all things."

4.  What are some examples of obedience in the scriptures? 
Adam - "And he gave unto them commandments, that they should worship the Lord their God, and should offer the firstlings of their flocks, for an offering unto the Lord.  And Adam was obedient unto the commandments of the Lord (see Moses 5:5).
Noah - Noah did according to all that God commanded (see Gen. 6:22).
Abraham - The sacred records show that he committed himself to do all that God commanded, even being willing to sacrifice, in response to God’s command, what was most precious to him—his son. (See Gen. 22:1–18.)
Moses - The Lord commanded Moses to deliver his people (Israel) from bondage. (see Moses 11: 26).
Elijah - "The last of the prophets in old Israel who held a fullness of divine authority was Elijah the Tishbite. A famine came in the land when Elijah, as commanded of God, sealed the heavens shut that it did not rain. (The Power of Elijah, Theodore M. Burton, CR, April 1974.)
 Simon Peter and his brother Andrew - "And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men" (see Matthew 4:19) and they obeyed the Savior.
Nephi - "All prophets, ancient and modern, have known that obedience is essential to our salvation. Nephi declared, 'I will go and do the things which the Lord hath commanded' (1Nephi 3:7). Though others faltered in their faith and their obedience, never once did Nephi fail to do that which the Lord asked of him. Untold generations have been blessed as a result" (President Thomas S. Monson, CR, Obedience Brings Blessings, April 2013).

5.  "Elder Bruce R. McConkie wrote that through the prophets ‘the Lord reveals the truths of salvation, … the salvation that is in Christ; and he charts … the course leading to eternal life. … In every age the Lord gives his people the direction they need at the moment of their peril and danger. And surely in the days ahead there will be times when nothing but the wisdom of God, descending from heaven and flowing forth from prophetic lips, will be able to save his people.’ ”  (Bruce R.  McConkie,  A New Witness for the Articles of Faith; Deseret Book Company, 1985, 478; from CR, "Live according to the Words of the Prophets," Carol F. McConkie, First Counselor in the Young Women General Presidency, October 2014).

Tuesday, December 23, 2014

This is the last Old Testament Sunday School lesson for 2014.  I love the Old Testament and encourage all to really study what is written.  It has so many messages for today.  

Old Testament Scriptural Summaries and Selections
Zechariah Chapters 13-14; Selections from Malachi
Gospel Doctrine Class, Sunday School Lesson #48
"The Great and Dreadful Day of the Lord" - Malachi 4:5
Reference: Old Testament Gospel Doctrine Teacher's Manual, (2001), 225-29
Old Testament Student Manual Kings-Malachi, (1982), 341-356
Old Testament Seminary Student Study Guide―Malachi.
The Words of the Twelve Prophets, Monte S. and Farres H. Nyman

The purpose of this lesson: "To encourage class members to (1) prepare for the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, (2) pay an honest tithe and generous offerings, and (3) experience the blessings that come because of the sealing power of the priesthood" (from the Teacher's Manual).
The Book of Zechariah (from my chapter summaries book: The Last Twelve Prophets)
            Zechariah was a prophet in Jerusalem.  He was the son of Berechiah, who was “the son of Iddo the Prophet” (v. 1). Iddo was one of “the priests and the Levites” who accompanied Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, home from exile in Babylon (see Nehemiah 12:1, 4, 7) (Old Testament Student Manual−1 Kings-Malachi, (SM)  p. 341).  His ministry is dated approximately from 520 B.C. to 518 B.C.; he prophesied at the same time as a witness of Haggai. 
            Although the writings of his visions, like Haggai's, are to encourage the people of Judah to repent and build the temple, "the primary subject of his message is Jesus Christ.  His prophecies about Christ relate to both his ministry in the meridian of time and his second coming" (The Words of the Twelve Prophets, Monte S. and Farres H. Nyman, p. 121).
            Zechariah's book can be divided into two parts:  the first eight chapters include the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the temple.  Cleon Skousen states "in a single night Zechariah had eight visions which are set forth in his first six chapters" (The Fourth Thousand Years, p. 775). The last six chapters "are prophecies of both appearances of Jesus Christ−his ministry in the flesh and his coming in glory in the last days" (Nyman and Nyman, p. 121-122). 
            The following explanation of the visions is from the Student Manual (p. 341):
"The [exiled] people began to lose faith in God. These visions of Zechariah thus came at a most important crisis. To his [Zechariah's] countrymen they were a bright panorama of hope, revealing the marvelous providence of God, and His love for His people."

The Book of Malachi (from my chapter summaries book: The Last Twelve Prophets)
            Malachi was the last prophet in Judah to write in the Old Testament.  His name means "my messenger" which seems appropriate for a prophet.  Scholars believe his book was written about 430 B.C., "nearly one hundred years after Jews began returning from Babylon to the land of Israel" (Old Testament Seminary Student Study Guide-Malachi).
            Malachi followed Haggai and Zechariah, who also prophesied in Judah after the remnant returned to Jerusalem.  He is thought to be a contemporary of Nehemiah―prophesying about "four hundred years before the birth of Christ" (Old Testament Student Manual: 1 Kings–Malachi, p. 351).  "[He] is one of the most frequently quoted Old Testament prophets.  New Testament writers quoted Malachi’s writings, the resurrected Savior quoted some of Malachi’s teachings to the Nephites so they would have them in their records, and the angel Moroni quoted some of Malachi to the young Prophet Joseph Smith, telling him that Malachi’s prophecies would be fulfilled in the latter days." (Old Testament Seminary Student Study Guide―Malachi.)
            It is interesting to note that Lehi and his family left Jerusalem in approximately 600 B.C., "nearly two hundred years before the time of Malachi. The Nephites, therefore, could not have obtained the words of Malachi except from the Lord." (See 3 Nephi 24 and 25.)  However, the Nephites in the Western Hemisphere had many prophets continuing up to the end of the Nephite people (recorded in the Book of Mormon.) (Old Testament Teachers Resource Manual, 2003, pp. 215-217.)
            Malachi's ministry was to call the people to repentance and remind them of the Lord's promises to them . "He taught about the restoration of priesthood sealing power, marriage and divorce, and tithes and offerings. He also prophesied concerning a messenger who would precede the Second Coming of the Savior. Much of the book of Malachi applies to the latter days." (Old Testament Student Manual−1Kings-Malachi, (SM), pp. 351-356).

Prophecies that have been fulfilled in preparation for the Second Coming
 Malachi 3:1 - "Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts."
 "Malachi prophesied that a messenger would prepare the way for the coming of the Lord. John the Baptist prepared the way for the Lord’s mortal ministry, and Joseph Smith is the messenger who prepared the way for the Second Coming" (see Matthew 11:10; Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, comp. Bruce R. McConkie, 3 vols. [1954–56], 1:193–95, 3:10–14; quoted from Teacher's Manual).
Malachi 4:5 - "Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord:"
 President Ezra Taft Benson said, “[The Savior’s] coming will be both glorious and terrible, depending on the spiritual condition of those who remain” ("Prepare Yourself for the Great Day of the Lord,” New Era, May 1982, 49; quoted in the Teacher's Manual).
"Malachi prophesied that the prophet Elijah would return before the Second Coming. …This prophecy was fulfilled when Elijah appeared to Joseph Smith in the Kirtland Temple (April 3, 1836), restoring the keys of the sealing power" (see D&C 110:13–16) (Teacher's Manual).
Malachi 4:6 - "And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse."
 Q. What does this mean?  A. "It means to be sealed to all our ancestors—our 'fathers'—and to all our posterity—our 'children'—forever. Because of the sealing power of the priesthood and the temple ordinances for the living and the dead, families can be bound together for eternity" (Teacher's Manual). (See also Luke 1:17; 3 Nephi 25:5–6; D&C 2:1–3; Joseph Smith—History 1:37–39.)

Prophecies that are yet to be fulfilled before the Savior comes
Zechariah 10:6-9 - "And they of Ephraim  [in the latter-days] shall be like a mighty man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: yea, their children shall see it, and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in the Lord.  I will hiss [call] for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed [saved] them: and they shall increase as they have increased.  And I will sow [scatter] them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again [to the Lord]."
"Those who follow Christ… will find a God who cares for His people, who uses them to carry out His purposes in the earth, and who will restore both Judah and Ephraim to their rightful place before the Lord" (Student Manual, p. 346).
Zechariah 12:1-4; 8-9 - "The burden [message of doom] of the word of the LORD for [the enemies of] Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth and formeth the spirit of man within him" (v. 1).
            The Lord will make Jerusalem a "cup of trembling" to the people round about when they come "in the siege" both against Judah and Jerusalem.  In that day, Jerusalem will become "a burdensome stone" when "all the people of the earth [are] gathered together against it."  The Lord will smite every horse and rider [symbolic of military power] as he will watch over Judah. (vv. 2-4).
            "In that day shall the Lord defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the Lord before them. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem" (vv. 8-9).
"A great war will be fought in and around Jerusalem, but the Lord will intervene and save the inhabitants of Jerusalem from destruction" (Teacher's Manual).
            "Many of the prophecies of the last days include tragedies such as war, natural disasters, and widespread wickedness" (Teacher's Manual).   
 D&C 38:28-30 - "And again, I say unto you that the enemy in the secret chambers seeketh your lives.  Ye hear of wars in far countries, and you say that there will soon be great wars in far countries, but ye know not the hearts of men in your own land. I tell you these things because of your prayers; wherefore, treasure up wisdom in your bosoms, lest the wickedness of men reveal these things unto you by their wickedness, in a manner which shall speak in your ears with a voice louder than that which shall shake the earth; but if ye are prepared ye shall not fear."

Prophecies that will be fulfilled when the Savior comes
Zechariah 12:10 - "And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace [mercy] and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced [crucified], and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."
Zechariah Chapter 13—Two Parts of the People Will Die
            As we left Jerusalem (in chapter 12), all the people were in mourning as they have seen with their own eyes, that Jesus is the Messiah.  Now, the Lord continues: "In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness" (v. 1). —This is a direct reference to the "waters of baptism" needed to wash away the sins and uncleanness of those who have been spared in Israel (Nyman & Nyman, p. 133).
            "In that day" the Lord will cut off the names of the idols, because the Messiah has revealed himself to the people. The false prophets and unclean spirits will leave the land and be remembered no more.  And if any son tries to prophesy falsely, he will be accused by his father and mother, who will "thrust him through" for his lies in the name of the Lord.  "In that day" all the false prophets will be ashamed and revealed for their false visions.  And he shall say, "I am no prophet" but a keeper of cattle  (vv. 2-5).
            Then, one shall say unto him [Christ], "What are these wounds in thine hands?"  Then he shall answer, "Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends" (v. 6).
In the next verse, Zechariah skips to the meridian of time when Christ is betrayed and taken prisoner by the chief priests and soldiers: The Lord cries, "Awake, O sword, against my shepherd [Christ], and against the man that is my fellow [who stands next to me], smite the shepherd, and the sheep [the disciples] shall be scattered; and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones" (v. 7).
“The offending of the disciples took place when Jesus was taken prisoner, and they all fled. This flight was a prelude to the dispersion of the flock at the death of the shepherd. But the Lord soon brought back His hand over the disciples. The promise, ‘But after my resurrection I will go before you into Galilee,’ is a practical exposition [explanation] of the bringing back of the hand over the small ones, which shows that the expression is to be understood here in a good sense, and that it began to be fulfilled in the gathering together of the disciples by the risen Saviour.” (Keil and Delitzsch, Commentary, 10:2:399; quoted in SM, p. 348.)
Again, as is true also with Isaiah, Zechariah switches back to the battle of Armageddon with a prophecy that two-thirds [parts] of the people of the land will be "cut off and die."  The one-third [part] who have come through the fire, he will "refine"  and "will try them as gold is tried:"  [thus humbled] they will call on his name, "and I will hear them:" I will say, "It is my people;" and they shall say, "The LORD is my God" (vv. 8-9).
"But who may abide the day of his coming, and who shall stand when he appeareth? For he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fuller’s soap.  And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness."  (3 Nephi:24:3-4.)

Chapter 14—The Second Coming of the Lord
            "The day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil [wealth] shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled [robbed], and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth, into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city" (vv. 1-2). 
            "Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle."  And in that day "his feet shall stand… upon the mount of Olives, which …shall cleave [in two] in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south."  The righteous saints will flee before the terrible earthquake to the valley in the middle of the mountain for safety where the Lord has come (vv. 4-5).
"As the Jews flee through this avenue of escape they will see their Messiah who has come to deliver them. In gratitude and joy they will throw themselves at the feet of the Deliverer and discover the wounds in His hands and feet. Suddenly they will realize that their Messiah is the Messiah who came to them before, and the Jewish nation will be converted to their God"  (SM. p. 294).
 “All [the prophets] speak of [this day]; and when that time comes, the Lord [will] come out of His hiding place. You can see what a terrible condition it is going to be; and the Jews besieged, not only in Jerusalem but, of course, throughout Palestine are in the siege; and when they are about to go under, then the Lord comes. ” (Smith, Signs of the Times, p. 170; quoted in SM, p. 294.)
Now, as was shown to the Nephites (see 3 Nephi1:15-19) at the time of Christ's birth, for a day and a night and a day, there is no darkness "that at evening time it shall be light" (vv. 6-7) (Nyman & Nyman, p. 134).
        In that day "living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea [Mediterranean], and half of them toward the hinder sea [Dead Sea]: in summer and in winter shall it be" (v. 8).
"This [earth]quake will evidently create a huge spring in Jerusalem which will form a new river, flowing westward to the Mediterranean Sea and eastward to the Dead Sea (see Zechariah 14:8–9; Joel 3:18; Ezekiel 47:1–5). Because of this river, the Dead Sea will have its waters healed, that is, it will become a lake with verdant foliage surrounding its shores and fish teeming in its waters (see Ezekiel 47:6–12)(Joseph Smith, Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 286; quoted in SM, p. 294.)
            "And the Lord shall be king over all the earth; in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one" (v. 9). And the land shall be turned into a plain; and it will be lifted up, and inhabited in her place.  "The area around Jerusalem, which is now very hilly and steep, will be smoothed out and become like a plain” (SM, p. 134).  The land will be inhabited and there shall be no more destruction; and Jerusalem will become a place of safety (vv. 10-11).
            The Lord will send a plague to all those who fought against Jerusalem; "Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth."  In that day, a great tumult from the Lord [confusion or panic] will result in fighting among the heathen.  Judah will conquer those armies of nations who have come to Jerusalem with their gold, silver, and apparel, and they will gather it together in great abundance.  And, those from the defeated armies of the nations who have survived will be converted to the Lord and will keep the yearly feast of tabernacles at Jerusalem (vv. 12-16). 
            And to the families left in the earth who will not worship "the King, the LORD of hosts" will the Lord withhold rain.  The Lord particularly mentions the "family of Egypt" who, if they refuse to keep the feast of tabernacles, will not have rain and the Lord will send a plague on them.  This is the same punishment for all nations who refuse to worship the Lord (vv. 17-19).
Elder Bruce R. McConkie commented: “During the millennium, the Lord will use the forces of nature to turn people’s attention to the truth.” (Mormon Doctrine, p. 499; quoted
in SM, p. 348.)
 D&C 45:56-57 "And at that day, when I shall come in my glory, shall the parable be fulfilled which I spake concerning the ten virgins. For they that are wise and have received the truth, and have taken the Holy Spirit for their guide, and have not been deceived—verily I say unto you, they shall not be hewn down and cast into the fire, but shall abide the day."  Now, in the wonderful Millennial day even the bells on the horses will say, "HOLLINESS UNTO THE LORD;" and all the pots in Jerusalem will serve the Lord as they are used to cook their meals.  "[And] in that day, there shall be no more the ‘Canaanite’ in the house of the LORD of hosts" (vv. 20-21).
Joel 3:17―" So shall ye know that I am the Lord your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more."
"In beautiful imagery, Zechariah taught that in the Millennium peace and righteousness will prevail to a point where everything (symbolized by such trifles as the trappings on horses and earthen jars) shall be holy and pure and where ‘there shall be no more the Canaanite [the wicked] in the house of the Lord of hosts’” (SM, p. 248-249).

Malachi teaches about the blessings that come to those who pay tithes and offerings
            "Will a man rob god? Yet ye have robbed me.  But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee?" and the Lord answers: "In tithes and offerings."  And for that the whole nation is cursed. The Lord urges them: "Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat [food] in mine house, and prove [test] me now herewith…if  I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it" (vv. 7-10).
            "To Israel, ancient and modern, the Lord promised to ‘open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it’ (v. 10). All material and spiritual things are His to give as He sees fit. Included in His ‘blessings from heaven’ are revelations from Him in one’s personal life. All blessings are, of course, conditional (see D&C 82:10; 130:21; 132:5). He desires to bless His faithful children abundantly" (see 1 Corinthians 2:9) (SM. p. 354).
            "And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.  And all nations shall call you blessed: for ye shall be a delightsome land" (vv. 11-12).
  “The devourer” may mean locusts and other pests to agriculture, but it may refer to Satan as well.…The implication is that our efforts to provide for ourselves would be blessed and bear fruit in their season" (SM, p. 354).
President Gordon B. Hinckley said: "The Lord will open the windows of heaven according to our need, and not according to our greed. If we are paying tithing to get rich, we are doing it for the wrong reason. The basic purpose for tithing is to provide the Church with the means needed to carry on His work” (in Conference Report, Apr. 1982, 60; or Ensign, May 1982, 40; quoted in the Teacher's Manual).


For additional study see "Prophesied [latter-day] appearances of the Savior" and "When will the Second Coming occur?" in the Teacher's manual (